Neighbourhood design has been of special interest to the Planners and allied professionals since long. Review of the relevant literature revealed persistent debate on its size and design concepts. In ... Read More

Development and modifications of mathematical models for Dissolved Oxygen (DO) are reviewed in this paper. The field and laboratory methods to estimate the kinetics of Carbonaceous Biochemical Oxyge ... Read More

The bus-based public transport system in developing countries poses serious environmental challenges. This paper explores the environmental performance of buses managed and operated by private compa ... Read More

Participatory development has been institutionalized in Pakistan with the view to achieve the benefits as accrued elsewhere in the world. Local Government Ordinance 2001 provides a framework for cre ... Read More

Autocatalytic or electroless deposition is the process of depositing a coating by means of a reducing agent in solution without using electric current. Deposits so produced are primarily alloys of m ... Read More

The performance of hot-forging dies, in which the die cavity is weld-deposited with a layer of modified H12 hot-work tool steel, has been studied, using a continuous monitoring of the die condition ... Read More

In this paper, the Laplace Decomposition Method (LDM) is employed to obtain approximate analytical solutions of the Burger Equation. The results show that the method converges rapidly and approximat ... Read More

This paper presents results from drained cyclic torsional shear tests on Toyoura sand and a residual soil under dry and saturated conditions. The relationships of shear strain,   z with shear s ... Read More

Irrigation canal simulation models are representations of physical irrigation systems in computer which can be calibrated to simulate and optimize the actual canal hydraulics and operational conditi ... Read More

Ceramics contain a distinctive property of completely absence of slip planes and have least probability of deforming by the application of force. Among these ceramics, the silicon carbide occupies a ... Read More

It is generally believed that a range of flows or a flow regime is responsible for channel formation and maintenance rather than a single flow rate. Conversely, depiction of the channel-forming disc ... Read More

The race towards new heights and architecture has not been without challenges. Tall structures have continued to climb higher and higher facing strange loading effects and very high loading values d ... Read More

Concrete is probably the most extensively used construction material in the world. However, environmental concerns regarding rapid consumption of natural resources and CO2 emission during cement man ... Read More

Increasing trend in urbanization and industrialization has necessitated production of high rise buildings with an innovation to make an optimized use of reduced available land in thickly populated a ... Read More