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After the discovery of country’s leading coal reserves 175,506 million tones in Thar Desert of district Tharparkar. Tharparkar has been highlighted at provincial and federal level because of its remarkable economic value of coal. Pakistan is facing worst energy shortfall and these coal deposits are regarded as the only solution of energy crisis in Pakistan. However, Pakistan lost 2.5 percent of growth rate of economy and also loses 400 thousand new jobs every year. The objective of the research paper is to highlight the coal related development activities and its impacts on demographic changes in district Tharparkar. Research found that the demographic changes significantly noted after discovery of huge coal reserves of Tharparkar District such as migration from rural desert areas towards urban desert areas are improved. Consequently, the population of towns are rapidly increased significantly Islam Kot town. Likewise, facilities are improved in the shape of new roads, electricity, fresh water supply, education, health and urban town planning.

Zahid Channa, Dr. Pervez Ahmed Pathan, Dr. Abida Taherani, Dr. Ambreen Zeb Khaskhelly. (2013) Demographic Features Of Coal Field Area Of District Tharparkar, The Women - Annual Research Journal of Gender Studies, Volume-05, Issue-1.
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