The prevalence of tribal system in old ages was a common practice to solve the communal and individual problems of human population in a wellorganized form. Under this system their disputes were solved and their needs were fulfilled and thus order, peace and tranquility were ensured. Slowly and gradually when governments came into being, posts and positions got created according to the needs of the law and order accordingly so that orders may be kept. In the beginning of Islam although tribal system was common in Arabs only, there were other ruling systems in the rest of the world usually based on power mechanisms. The Holy Prophet established the first Islamic state in Madina. He bestowed upon His companions different positions and responsibilities from time to time according to their wisdom and knowledge, and if anyone would make some mistake in performing his duties, the Prophet would rectify that. Then the rightly guided Caliphs of the Holy Prophet in their time set the rules and regulations for government bodies and functionaries regarding their duties. An attempt has been made to review. Those rules and regulations in this paper which may help to clarify the rights and responsibilities of rulers and administrators of the state. Moreover, the status of those gifts may be clarified which are forwarded to the state’s responsible people while they remain on their administrative positions. It is hoped that this article would be helpful in abolishing corruption from our society if we get acquaintance about the teachings and principles of Islam.
Abad ul Rehman, Muhammad Zahoor. (2014) Factors of Honesty in performing Duties, Acta Islamica, Volume-02, Issue-2.