Intellectual Influence of Shah Inayat on Shah Latif`s thought

Shah Inayatullah Shaheed a Sufi by nature was a great reformer of early eighteenth century in Sindh. He distributed all his Jagir (fiefdom) to poor peasant commumity of lower Sindh of that time. His popular slogan which became key reforming act later was that the real ownership of land belongs to those who rear the land; every farmer has full right over his land which he cultivates. In those early days, Sindh was governed by different Mughul emperors who assigned political powers in different parts of Sindh. The lower Sindh remained under the rule of Nawab Azam khan while Northern Sindh was under the rule of the Abbasis who had rights to impose and collect the taxes on revenue generation.Shah Inayatullah Sufi introduced agro-economic reforms to maintain the financial condition of poor farmers. Because of his land reforms initiatives, he got immense popularity among peasants of that area. The feudals and Pirs (spiritual leaders) got threatened due to these reforms. Their economic dominancy was faced with a great danger. They started many conspiracies to hamper these reforms to continue the status quo. Under this situation, the time came when Nawab Azam and Army of Kalhora fought a full length war for four months at Jhoke sharif. Being tired, the Kalhoras and also Mughuls approached Shah Innyatullah for immediate cessation of war and for restoration of peace. But it was a great conspiracy where Shah Inayat and his associates were martyred on 7th January 1718. The Shah of Bhit was very much influenced by the Sufi Shah Inayatullah, who was his contemporary. This article tries to prove the intellectual relationship of Shah Abdul latif with Shah Inayat.

Dr. Abdul Hafeez Qureshi. (2018) صوفيشاهه عنايت جوشاهه لطيفتي فڪري اثر, Sindhi Boli (Research Journal), Volume-11, Issue-2.
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