Official Sindhi and The British period: A Review

After taking over the control of Sindh, the British administration decided to introduce Sindhi Language for the use of official correspondence as well as medium of instructions in education. First, they engaged the officers, posted in Sindh to acquire the knowledge of colloquial language to communicate with the local people in solving their problems while bringing before them. Second, they were going for the optional examination to get allowance with salary, as the same was converted into compulsory requirement for the posting in Sindh or for next promotion otherwise. The Sindh was annexed in 1848 to Bombay Presidency till 1936. It was the period in which Sindhi Language evaluated to cope with all requirements of official intercourse. The British administration faced many hindrances, especially how to adopt a verified alphabet and script, where society was divided in two segments of opinion with religious background. Even officers of the British Government posted in Sindh had two separate opinions regarding script of Sindhi Language, supposed to be used in future for official correspondence, and other aspects of life. Capt. George Stake was considered the ambassador of Dewnagri script for Sindhi Language specially Khudawadi as a “Hindu Sindhi”. Though Commissioner of Sindh with the approval of Bombay Presidency introduced Hindu Sindhi in 1868, it did not get popularity among the Sindhi Hindu community, and finally in 1910 it was given up and Hindus switched over to Arabic- Persian based version of Sindhi Language. However, Mr B.H. Ellis had finalized the Arabic- Persian characters for Sindhi Language in July 1853. The research paper indicates all aspects and ups and downs of vernacular languages, focusing on Sindhi Language in the British period. This qualitative research is a new dawn for new researchers and ways may lead to further exploration of the matter under discussion.

Amin Laghari. (2020) دفتري سنڌي ۽ انگريز دور: هڪ جائزو, Sindhi Boli (Research Journal), Volume-13, Issue-2.
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