The purpose of this article is to review several techniques being employed to control various pest species of fruit crops in Pakistan. Fruit pests cause considerable damage to Pakistan’s economy as fr ... Read More

Moisture, ash and trace elements such as iron, cobalt, zinc, manganese and copper present in medicinal seeds, popularly used and available in Pakistan, were determined by Atomic Absorption Spectrophot ... Read More

Concrete is a brittle material and in order to make it ductile steel is used. In the current project, steel fibers were used as an additive material by weight of sand. Tests were performed on three di ... Read More

Zagreb indices were introduced more than forty years ago. Naji et al. introduced the leap Zagreb indices of a graph in 2017 which are new distance-degree-based topological indices conceived while depe ... Read More

Differential transformation provides semi-analytical arithmetical solution. This approach is proficient at reducing calculation and works readily. In this paper, we use Elzaki transform method (ETM) a ... Read More

The ability of low cost activated carbon based on tamarind stone for the removal of copper ion from water was explored. Tamarind stone was converted into activated carbon by lean air carbonization and ... Read More

Water is a key factor in the success of the washing process. The hardness of water effects pH and pH determines the solubility. The results reveal that people living in hard water areas seldom use wat ... Read More

In this article, we provide a new method for constructing the Nagel Point{X(8)} , Cevian quotient of Symmedian Point, Nagel Point {X(197)} and the isogonal conjugate of 1st Hatzipolakis-Yiu Point{X(59 ... Read More

A reverse edge magic total labeling of a graph ???? is a one-to-one map ????∶????(????)∪????(????)→{1,2,…,|????(????)∪????(????)|}=[1,|????(????)∪????(????)|] with the property that there is an intege ... Read More

This article is designed to integrate the results of the studies undertaken on different frontiers by a group of researchers to address both socio-economic problems and environmental problems with a s ... Read More

Concrete is the most commonly used construction material in the world. However, normal weight concrete shows less resistance to flexure. This research dealt with the technique to improve material effi ... Read More

The pH of water is different in different areas. So, the washing machines which are based on Fuzzy Logic Controller being used in different areas are deprived of useful results because these machines ... Read More

Macro-inorganic elements such as sodium, potassium, iron calcium and phosphorus were determined in condiments popularly used for preparation of routine meals in Pakistan by applying techniques like fl ... Read More

Radiative cooling of surfaces without applying an energy source has been suggested in the literature. The basis for radiative cooling is the infrared transmittance of the atmosphere. The spectral tran ... Read More

Australia’s path to innovation began with the very early use of tools and cultivation by aboriginal communities. With the arrival of Europeans from 1788, innovation focused on supporting agricultural ... Read More